48′ Tayana sailboat

48 tayana


Client: Removed for privacy Date of report: July 25th & 26th 2011

Our File #: 11-27304

This inspection was performed upon the request of the client listed above on July 25th & 26th 2011 while the vessel was afloat on July 25th at San Diego, California and while hauled on July 26th San Diego, California and the clients and the broker attended.


Builder: Tayana
Model/type: 48 Center Cockpit
Year: 1995
Length: 47’
Beam: 14’ 6”
Draft: 6’ *
Engine: Yanmar
* Name: Removed for privacy
Doc. #: Removed for privacy
HIN: Removed for privacy
Hailing Port: Removed for privacy ”
* Weight: 48,000 lbs. (travel lift’s scales)

* Listing specifications


Keel & bottom: Molded fiberglass construction, molded fiberglass fin keel with internal ballast, anti fouling paint

Topsides & transom: Molded fiberglass construction, coring unknown, white gelcoat finish, blue boot and sheer stripes

Decks & superstructure: Molded fiberglass construction, coring unknown, white gelcoat finish, gray pattern nonskid

Deck hardware: Stainless steel bow and stern rails, double multi-strand stainless steel wire lifelines, five aluminum framed deck hatches, teak grab rails, double anchor guides, two stainless steel dorade vents

Longitudinals/stringers: Fiberglass stringers, coring unknown

Athwartships/bulkheads/frames: Plywood bulkheads

Layout/interior components: The vessel is boarded onto the aft swim platform with cabin entry from a forward located cockpit companionway. Interior arrangement has the galley to port followed by the dinette. To starboard is the navigation station followed by two built-in seats with table between and then the forward stateroom with head foremost. The master stateroom is aft with head to starboard forward.

Bilge: Oil fouled

Comments: The vessel was inspected while hauled and afloat. The hull bottom and keel were visually inspected and randomly sounded. The hull bottom and keel are in good condition with no noticeable osmotic blisters and no significant audible differences where hammer sounded. The hull bottom anti fouling paint is failed in various areas and due for renewal. The hull sides and transom were visually inspected and randomly sounded. The hull sides and transom are in good condition overall and gelcoat finish in satisfactory condition. The deck and superstructure were visually inspected and randomly sounded and appear satisfactory – good condition overall. There is fiberglass separation from the starboard shrouds chain plate stand off block below the deck plate. This has been repaired with caulking that is currently separated. The area about the stand off block was hammer sounded and does not indicate any deterioration of coring. The deck hardware including safety rails, mooring devices and hatches was visually inspected and most hatches and the port lights were opened and closed. Overall the deck hardware is in satisfactory – good condition with no significant corrosion about lifeline wires or swages. Deck hatches do exhibit crazing of plexiglas. The structural reinforcements including the stringers and bulkheads were visually inspected and randomly sounded. The structural reinforcements appear to be in “as-built” condition and appear in sound condition with no delamination or fractures of fiberglass tabbings sighted. The bilge is holding minimal standing water that is oil fouled; the origin of the water is beyond the scope of this survey. The interior cabin spaces are neat, clean and orderly. The interior of the vessel is in good cosmetic condition but there are stains below the master stateroom port lights that was not determined if it is due to failed seals or not being tightly dogged down. This survey is not a mould inspection. The condition of the coring, in the stringers, deck, and elsewhere as applicable, is beyond the scope of this inspection.

Summary: Good


Main engine: Yanmar, model WJH2-DTE, 2672 hours

Engine application: Diesel, 4-cylinders, freshwater cooled, inboard, 85 H.P. (per listing)

Serial Number: Removed for privacy

Transmissions: Kanzaki, model KM4A, serial number 2558

External/peripherals: 12 volt alternator, refrigeration compressor, raw and circulating water pumps

Engine controls: Push/pull cable

Exhaust systems: Wet system, flexible hose, plastic water lift, stainless steel elbow, stern discharge

Propulsion gear/shaft logs: 1.5” stainless steel shaft, 20” three blade bronze folding propeller, aluminum strut, bronze flax packing log

Steering system/rudder ports: Cored fiberglass skeg hung rudder, fiberglass rudder port, cable/quadrant control, pedestal steering

Ventilation: One forced air blower and natural

Generator: Westerbeke, model 8.OBTDA, serial number 51348, engine serial number 108839-E507, 559 hours

External/peripherals:12 volt alternator

Through hulls & components: Bronze through hulls, bronze ball valves, stainless steel sea chest

Through hull location: Starboard: three forward and two transducers and two aft of the propeller shaft exit, port: two outboard of keel, three bolt on ground plates

Seawater systems: Reinforced flexible hose, hose clamp connections

Bilge pumps: Two electric/automatic, one manual

Comments: The engine and transmission were visually inspected. The engine was test run at the slip and did start without significant hesitation or smoke. The client is having a mechanic inspect the engine. Please refer to their report for greater detail as to the condition of the machinery systems. The external surfaces and peripheral components of the engine and transmission appear satisfactory – good but there is surface corrosion about the thermostat housing and aft mounts are rusted. The engine’s cooling systems appear satisfactory with no leaks sighted. The age of the raw water pump impeller is unknown. Engine fuel systems appear good but there is some fuel residue about the fuel pump and electrical systems appear good. The engine’s exhaust system is properly arranged and installed and appears satisfactory – good overall except there are corrosion spots on the mixing elbow and stainless steel elbow and a repair on the exhaust hose between the manifold and water lift. The engine controls functioned normally. The propulsion components including the propeller, propeller shaft, strut and shaft seal were visually inspected. The propeller shaft seal appears satisfactory with no significant corrosion. The propeller appears in satisfactory – good condition and the cutlass bearing exhibits no significant wear. The propeller zinc is due for renewal. The steering system was visually inspected and test operated. The steering system functioned normally however, is resistant/heavy. The engine room blower was energized. The through hulls were visually inspected and the valves were manipulated. The through hulls are in satisfactory condition with no significant corrosion but the starboard cockpit drain through hull valve is seized. The seawater systems were visually inspected and most components were tested. Overall, the seawater systems are good condition. Bilge pumps and sink drains are equipped with check valves. These components are designed for disassembly for inspection/service. The electric bilge pump was energized manually and appears functional. The second bilge pump is currently not wired as the owner had disconnected the wires from the switch for service. One bilge pump is mounted to a removable bracket where as the second is not. Removal of the second pump is not likely due to access. The manual bilge pump was tested and is functional. Potable water systems for the vessel include a pressure pump and water heater. The water system components were energized but the water heater is not working. Waste systems include two manual/electric pump heads. The electric motors are not connected to the pump but are functional. Both heads were tested and are working.

Summary: Good


Fuel: *120 gallon capacity in one aluminum tank below the aft berth

Fill & vent: U.S.C.G. approved flexible hose

Feed & return: Type AI fuel hose, alloy tube, tank located valves

Water: *300 gallon capacity in two alloy tanks below the salon sole

Holding: 25 approximate gallon capacity in one fiberglass tank below navigation station

*Per listing

Comments: The fuel system including the tank, fill, vent, feed and return lines was visually inspected as installed. The fuel tank is installed so as to render them mostly inaccessible for inspection. Where visible, the tanks appear in good condition. The fuel fill, vent, supply and return hoses appear in satisfactory condition. The fuel system is equipped with suitable in-line water separator/filtration. Fuel shut off valves are located at the tank and appear in good condition. The potable water tanks appear in good condition where visible with no significant corrosion. The holding tank as visible appears in good condition. The tank’s hose connectors are stainless steel and due exhibit corrosion spots. The condition and age of the fuel (and water) and the integrity of the tanks (fuel, water and holding) is beyond the scope of this survey. Please consider filling all tanks for a simple, practical test of their integrity. Accuracy of tank level gauges is beyond the scope of this survey.

Summary: Satisfactory


AC system: Two 30 amp 125 volt inlets to starboard, 110 volt service

DC system: Four 4-D wet cell 12 volt batteries below dinette and starboard forward settee, one group 27 maintenance free 12 volt battery below starboard aft settee, 12 volt service, disconnect switch

Wiring: Multi-strand wire, crimp connections

Circuit protection: Main AC & DC: circuit breaker, branch AC & DC: circuit breaker

Comments: The electrical system including the shore power cord, shore power inlet, batteries, wiring, circuitry components and circuit protection equipment was visually inspected and most components were tested. The shore power cord, inlet and connections appear good. 120 volt wiring and outlets appear good – excellent however, the outlets are not equipped with GFCI protection (built prior to this requirement). The vessel is equipped with an inverter that was not tested. Battery arrangement and installation appears satisfactory. The condition of the batteries is beyond the scope of this inspection however, the starboard batteries exhibit oxidation of the plates. DC wiring appears good – excellent. Wire terminations and connections appear good and are of crimp type connections. Various lights are not working as listed; courtesy, forward deck light, galley cabinet light and master stateroom starboard reading light. Over current protection for the AC and DC systems appears excellent but the wire connections on the AC circuits have no protective covering posing a personal injury hazard. Wire organization and arrangement appears excellent with wires being neatly routed and secured at distribution terminal strips and circuit breakers.

Summary: Good – Excellent


Portable fire extinguishers: Three 3 lb. and one 2.5 lb. dry chemical units

Fixed fire system: None

Flotation devices: Four adult type I PFDs, life sling

Horn/distress flares: Dual trumpet air horns, U.S.C.G. approved signal flares and smoke

Navigational/anchor lights: Port, starboard, stern, steaming, tri-color, anchor

Anchor & ground tackle: 60 lb. CQR with 330’ 5/16” chain, 45 lb. Bruce with 25’ chain and 200’ line, Lewmar electric windlass

Other equipment: Winslow four person life raft, ditch bag, offshore first aid kit, ACR marker strobe light, radar reflector, spare fuel/oil filters, large inventory of various hardware, spare water pump, Super Snorkel Hookah dive compressor, carbon monoxide alarm, Bosn’s seat

Comments: Safety equipment for fire fighting protection appears satisfactory however the extinguishers have not been inspected, tagged and maintained per N.F.P.A. recommendations. Personal flotation devices are suitable for blue water cruising. The vessel is equipped with U.S.C.G. that have expired certification. The vessel is equipped with dual trumpet horns that were tested and are working. The navigational and anchor lights are properly arranged, installed and functional but it was not determined if the tri-color and steaming lights are working due to daylight. The ground tackle including the anchor and rode was visually inspected as installed and appears satisfactory. The entire length of the anchor rode was not inspected and should be inspected prior to use. The vessel is equipped with an electric windlass that exhibits significant corrosion and the shaft appears bent (wobbles when turning). The vessel has a canister life raft that has expired certification.

Summary: Good


Tanks: Two aluminum tanks in dedicated aft cockpit locker

Devices: Galley range, BBQ, reducing regulator, electric solenoid

Comments: The LP gas system including the tanks, tank locker devices and galley range was visually inspected and the galley range and electric solenoid valve were tested. LP bottle installation and securing is satisfactory. Ventilation for the storage compartment appears satisfactory but the sealant is loose where the hoses pass through the locker. The fuel supply system is equipped with a reducing regulator and electric solenoid. The range was test operated and appears satisfactory. The oven was not tested.

Summary: Satisfactory


Mast & rig type: Double spreader aluminum keel stepped mast, cutter rig

Standing rigging: Multi-strand stainless steel wire, mechanical end fittings, forestay, split backstay, inner stay, upper shroud, lower shroud, intermediate jumper, running backs

Hardware: Forespar vang, in-mast main furling, Pro Furl roller head and stay sails, Lewmar 2:1 traveler, jib and staysail adjustable sheet cars, ten sheet clutches, spinnaker pole

Winches: Five Lewmar # 40 self tailing and two # 62 self tailing winches, one Lewmar # 40 self tailing electric

Sails: Main, staysail, jib, one spare of each (older sails)

Comments: The mast and associated rigging were visually inspected from the deck level only. The mast and associated rigging is likely original. The client is having a rigger perform an inspection of the sailing system including aloft to better determine its condition. Please refer to their report for greater detail as to the condition of the sailing system. The vessel was not taken on a sea trial during the survey and the sails were not raised however, stitching is torn on the stay sail’s UV cover. The mast, mast step and boom appear in satisfactory – good condition but there is moderate corrosion of the mast step’s steel backing plate. Chain plates were not accessed below deck as this requires removal of panels. Standing rigging is of multi strand stainless wire with mechanical fittings on the lower connections. As visible, the standing rigging appears in satisfactory condition with no significant corrosion sighted. Running rigging cordage appears in good condition overall with no significant deterioration. Sailing hardware including the winches appear good but winches are slightly resistant and due for routine maintenance and lubrication.

Summary: Satisfactory – Good


General equipment: Forced air head ventilation, Seth Thomas bronze clock and barometer, Daewoo DW-K500C clothes washer, Echotec water maker, Samsung 28” (approx.) TV, fore and aft berth leeboards, Force 10 3-burner range/oven, Sea Frost top load refrigerator and freezer, Panasonic inverter microwave, Newmar HDM50 battery charger, LED reading lights, Black & Decker toaster oven, galley raw and freshwater pumps, two Marine Air Systems air conditioners/heaters, stainless steel opening port lights, deck hatch screen covers, canvas awning, Raritan 12 gallon (approx.) water heater, swim platform shower nozzle, city water hook up, JVC KD-SX850 stereo, Trace U2512513 inverter, five 12 volt circulation fans, water and fuel tank gauges, AC/DC volt/amp meters, twelve Gerry cans with canvas covers, two teak corner rail seats, rail mounted BBQ, raw water wash down, stainless steel tender davit, light duty utility davit, stainless steel antenna mast, teak cockpit cocktail table, Raymarine C70 multi-display GPS/radar, ICOM IC-M710 SSB with pactor modem, Raytheon NAV398 GPS/loran, Autohelm Navcenter chart plotter (no chart), ICOM IC-M302 VHF, Autohelm ST7000 autopilot, Ritchie compass, Vetus bow thruster, Autohelm wind point/speed, Autohelm speed/sum log, Autohelm depth alarm, Autohelm Navdata, Mercury 9.9 hp outboard OT365886, Tohatsu 13.2 KW O/B 009510XF, Caribe tender


The vessel is a production fiberglass sailboat equipped with a diesel inboard engine. The current owner was present during the inspection and stated that he has owned the vessel since 2000 and is not aware of any known problems with the vessel or any significant events in the vessel’s history during his or prior ownerships, such as submersions, collisions, fires etc… Overall, the vessel is structurally and mechanically sound and although there are many recommendations, they are generally minor in nature and of routine maintenance items. The vessel is well equipped and suitable for blue water cruising.

Overall Summary: Good


ACTUAL CASH VALUE – $260,000 approx.
NEW REPLACEMENT VALUE – $575,000 approx.

The actual cash value is the value that our research approximates the selling price of this vessel should be, at the time and place of our inspection. Consideration is given to vessel’s condition, geographic location, published listings and guides, comparable sales and listings, and market conditions. The new replacement value is the cost of this or a similar, new vessel, comparably equipped. The investment is the reported investment including purchase price and significant upgrades. No values include maintenance costs, storage or tax.

Standard Form Key: All systems are rated based upon their appearance, ratings include: Not examined, Not applicable, Faulty, Marginal, Satisfactory, Good, Excellent.


1. Reconnect the second bilge pump to the power supply/fuse panel.
2. Clean corrosion from the mast step steel plate, inspect for extent of deterioration and service as required.
3. The vessel is equipped with a DC to AC inverter. This unit was not tested.
4. Service the windlass for the apparent bent shaft and corroded mounting frame (this may require replacement of the complete unit).
5. Replace the engine’s exhaust mixing elbow and stainless steel hose elbow due to corrosion.
6. Remove corrosion from the engine’s aft mounts and areas about the thermostat housing, service as required and paint to arrest further corrosion.
7. Replace the repaired section of exhaust hose between the engine exhaust manifold and water lift.
8. Clean the fuel from the engine about the fuel pump, monitor for leaks and service if/as required.
9. Service the generator’s heat exchanger due to salt build-up about the heat exchanger end covers.
10. Disassemble and inspect all in-line check valves for the bilge pumps and sink drains servicing as required.
11. Have a qualified technician inspect the refrigeration system and service as required to be functional.
12. Service the water heater or replace the unit so as to be functional.
13. Free the seized through hull deck drain through hull valve located aft of the master stateroom toilet.
14. Have a qualified electrician install GFCI protection for any 110 volt outlets located near sink basins, on weather decks or in the engine compartment.
15. Provide a cover on the distribution panel’s 110 volt wire connections to be compliant with A.B.Y.C. standards.
16. Replace the starboard 4-D batteries due to oxidation of plates.
17. Remove the oil from the bilge, monitor for any leaks and service any components if/as required.
18. Replace the main sail’s furling line spool.
19. Have a qualified repairer inspect and repair the fractured fiberglass on the starboard shroud’s deck stand off plate.
20. Re-seal the propane locker where the supply hoses pass through.
21. Either service the propane fuel valve (currently closed) for the BBQ to be functional or if the system is not to be used remove the hose, valve and
22. Fill the bow thruster oil reservoir to proper level, monitor for any loss of oil and service if/as required.
23. Provide current distress signal flares as required by U.S.C.G. and have the fire extinguishers inspected and tagged as recommended by N.F.P.A. or replace with new.


1. There are corrosion spots on the holding tank’s hose connectors. Monitor for any leaks and replace as required.
2. Anti fouling paint is due for renewal.
3. Propeller zinc is due for renewal.
4. The water maker flow meter is not functional.
5. The heads are equipped with electric motors that are working but are not connected to the heads pumps.
6. The transmission was low on oil. It was slightly over filled during the survey. Monitor for any leaks and service if/as required.
7. The galley vent blower is not functional.
8. Lights were not working as listed; courtesy, galley cabinet, forward deck light and master stateroom starboard reading light.
9. There are water stains below the master stateroom opening port lights. It was not determined if this is from leaking seals or not being tightly “dogged down”.
10. Proper function of the Raymarine multi function unit was not determined (pending installation).
11. The aft bilge pump is not accessible for removal (apparently installed prior to the generator).
12. The life raft has expired certification.
13. Sailing winches are due for routine service/lubrication.
14. The steering is slightly resistant. The owner stated that is normal for his vessel.

This survey sets forth the condition of the vessel and components, as specifically stated only, at the time of inspection and represents the surveyor’s honest and unbiased opinion. The submitting of this report should not be construed as a warranty or guaranty of the condition of the vessel, nor does it create any liability on the part of Christian & Company or the individual surveyor. No part of the vessel was disassembled or removed and no assumptions should be made as to the condition of concealed components. Specifics were obtained from sources available at the time of inspection and are believed correct, but are not guaranteed to be accurate.

Christian & Company, Marine Surveyors, Inc.

________________________________ July 27th 2011_____
By: Mr. George Jarvie, Surveyor Date
S.A.M.S. – A.M.S. # 941